الاربعاء 20 يناير 2021

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بايدن يعلن فريق إدارته: بلينكن للخارجية وسوليفان مستشارا للأمن القومي

  • 09:09 AM

  • 2020-11-24

واشنطن - " ريال ميديا ":

أعلن الرئيس الأمريكي المنتخب، جو بايدن يوم الاثنين، عن تشكيل الإدارة الأمريكية الجديدة التي ستتولى إدارة البلاد بعد وصول بايدن إلى البيت الأبيض في 20 يناير المقبل.

وبحسب ما جاء على موقع فريق بايدن الانتخابي، فإن بايدن أسند الحقائب الوزارية الآتية إلى هؤلاء الأشخاص:

- نائب مستشار الأمن القومي السابق، أنطوني بلينكن في منصب وزير الخارجية

- المستشار السياسي بحملة بايدن، جيك سوليفان في منصب مستشار الأمن القومي الأمريكي

-مساعد وزير الخارجية لشؤون إفريقيا السابقة، ليندا توماس جرينفيلد في منصب السفيرة الأمريكية الدائمة بالأمم المتحدة

- نائبة مستشار الأمن القومي السابق، أفريل هينز، في منصب مدير المخابرات الوطنية

- أليساندو مايوركاس في منصب وزير الأمن الداخلي ليكون أول أميركي من أصول كوبية في هذا المنصب

- وزير الخارجية الأمريكي الأسبق، جون كيري سيكون مستشارا خاصًا لبايدن لشئون المناخ.

US President-elect Joe Biden named his top foreign policy staff on Monday. He announced, as expected, that Antony Blinken would serve as secretary of state.

 “We have no time to lose when it comes to our national security and foreign policy,” the President-elect said in a press release. “I need a team ready on Day One to help me reclaim America’s seat at the head of the table, rally the world to meet the biggest challenges we face, and advance our security, prosperity, and values.”

Biden also tapped former secretary of state and former senator, John Kerry, as special presidential envoy for climate. He will sit on the National Security Council as well. “This marks the first time that the NSC will include an official dedicated to climate change, reflecting the president-elect’s commitment to addressing climate change as an urgent national security issue,” the transition team said in a press release.

Ambassador Linda Thomas-Greenfield, a veteran member of the foreign service would serve as ambassador to the UN. Thomas-Greenfield served in many positions during her 35-year service, including as ambassador to Liberia. She was posted in Pakistan, Nigeria, Kenya, an at the US mission to the UN in Geneva. In 2013, she was appointed as assistant secretary for the Bureau of African Affairs, where she led the policy on sub-Saharan Africa. Thomas-Greenfield also served as director general of the foreign service and director of human resources and as deputy assistant secretary, population, refugees, and migration bureau.

"My mother taught me to lead with the power of kindness and compassion to make the world a better place," Thomas-Greenfield tweeted following her announcement.

"I’ve carried that lesson with me throughout my career in Foreign Service – and, if confirmed, will do the same as Ambassador to the United Nations."

Ambassador Barbara Bodine is the director of the Institute for the Study of Diplomacy at Georgetown, where Thomas-Greenfield was the inaugural Distinguished Resident Fellow in African Studies from 2017 to 2019.

“She has a background and experience directly with multilateral institutions,” Bodine told The Jerusalem Post. “[After] serving in Africa, as she has as assistant secretary and ambassador, she also has seen how multilateralism or multilateral collaboration is how we operate in the field, on the ground every day,” she added.

According to Bodine, the fact that her name came out at the same time as Tony Blinken and Jake Sullivan and before all the other members of the administration, “signals that diplomacy is going to be a fundamental tool, not a secondary tool, and that we want to re-engage credibly, collaboratively, with our partners, our friends and the rest of the world.”

She noted that Thomas-Greenfield is experienced in “conflict areas and worked on how do you craft sustainable agreements to bring about peace.”

One important element for her work, Bodine noted, is that the US is going to chair the Security Council starting March, which would require a knowledgeable person to hold the position. She added that Thomas-Greenfield doesn't have experience with Israel or the Near East, “but she is going to represent the policy of the administration” when it comes to the region.

Biden also named Jake Sullivan as a national security advisor, according to media reports.

Sullivan has gone a long way with Biden and Hillary Clinton. He advised Clinton during her 2008 primary bid and later Obama in his general-election bid. When Clinton was appointed secretary of state, Sullivan served as her deputy chief of staff and director of policy planning. When Clinton left the administration during Obama’s second term, he served as Biden’s top security aide. In 2016, he again advised Clinton during her presidential campaign.

He was instrumental in shaping the 2015 Iran nuclear deal. In an op-ed for NowThis News in January, he defended the agreement.

“Under the deal, Iran’s nuclear program was in a box, it was frozen,” Sullivan wrote. “Under the deal, there were no rocket attacks killing Americans in Iraq… Today, Iran is attacking shipping in the Gulf and threatening the rest of the region.”

In August, he spoke at a webinar hosted by Democratic Majority of Israel, and said that Biden believes that “it is not a concession of leverage to sit down with Iran at the bargaining table.”

Sullivan said that at the end of the day, “what has been proven out over the past few years is that the United States has immense capacity, through the financial sanctions tool, to very swiftly ratchet up pressure. We did that in the Obama administration; the Trump administration did it; Iran knows that.

“He fundamentally believes that there’s a way to interplay the diplomacy side of this equation and the pressure side of this equation in a way that will help us secure the objectives that we’re trying to achieve,” he added.

According to Sullivan, diplomacy backed by pressure that creates leverage “is the kind of formula that could work again to make progress, not just on the core nuclear issues, but on some of these other challenges as well.

“One of the vice president’s commitments and all of this is to get to the table to be able to negotiate a follow-on agreement that does materially advance the security of the United States, of Israel, and our other regional partners as well, and does hold Iran to account.

And he believes that that is the best way to actually produce a durable outcome,” he added.

Sullivan, together with two other former Obama officials, ambassador to Israel Dan Shapiro and undersecretary of state Wendy Sherman, played a role in shaping the Democratic Party’s foreign-policy platform

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